New Things Are Coming!

I’d like to apologize for my neglect of Radiate in the past few weeks. I’ve been extremely busy, but that’s no excuse. I hope to have a bunch of new things up in the coming weeks! In the mean time here’s a video that is sort of the inspiration for a series of posts I’m currently working on. It is a speech by Jessica Rey on modesty and it’s seriously thought provoking.
-Marissa

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Women of Faith Wednesday: Deborah and Jael

God used Deborah and Jael to deliver Israel from its enemies. Though they worked separately and may have never interacted with each other, what these two women did brought about victory for Israel.

Their story takes place during the time of the judges when Israel did not have a human king, God was their king. Yet, the nation of Israel still found itself in a lot of trouble during this time period. They went through seven cycles of sin. First they would follow and serve the Lord, then fall into sin, then become enslaved by another nation, and then they would cry out to the Lord for deliverance, the Lord would raise up a judge to lead them, and then they would be delivered from whoever was enslaving them at the time. This cycle repeated itself seven times in a few hundred years!

One of the judges appointed by God was Deborah. Deborah was also a prophetess, so God spoke directly to her. She is one of the few prophetesses mentioned in the Bible; she was also the only female judge. During the time of Deborah Israel was being oppressed by the Canaanites, whose king was Jabin. Israel had cried out to the Lord to deliver them from Jabin. God tells Deborah what should be done in order to defeat the Canaanites. Deborah sends for Barak and tells him that he is to lead an army against the Canaanite army (which is led by Sisera). He is to take 10,000 men from the tribes of Zebulun and Napthali. Even though God promises to be with Barak he is afraid and won’t go unless Deborah goes with him.

“I will draw out to you Sisera, the commander of Jabin’s army, with his chariots and his many troops to the river, Kishon, and I will give him into your hand.” Judges 4:7

Sisera learns that Deborah and Barak are going up to battle with 10,000 men and he goes out to meet them. Sisera leads a huge army out to meet them near Mount Tabor. At this point Barak must have still been very nervous about the battle because Deborah tells him:

“Arise! For this is the day in which the Lord has given Sisera into your hands, behold, the Lord has gone out before you.” Judges 4:14

They win the battle, with the help of the Lord. The interesting part of the Bible’s description of the battle is that it gives all the credit to God. It seems like a strange depiction of a battle, but it is written in such a way that we cannot deny that without His help Barak would not have stood a chance against Sisera’s army.

“The Lord routed Sisera and all his chariots and all his army with the edge of the sword before Barak…” Judges 4:15

At this point in the battle Sisera pretty much knows that he is the loser, so he gets out of his chariot and runs away on foot. In his flight he passes by the tent of Heber the Kenite who was a friend of the Canaanites and King Jabin. Heber’s wife Jael calls out to Sisera from the tent telling him to come in to hide and rest.   At this point he was very tired so he took her up on her offer. Sisera lies down in Jael’s tent and asks for water, she gives him milk to drink. After he drinks, he rests and probably falls asleep.

What Jael does next is sort of surprising and very bold. As Sisera rests she takes up a tent peg and a hammer and drives the peg right through Sisera’s head and into the ground, so he dies. This is surprising because prior to this act we are given no information about Jael, except that her husband was a friend of Jabin. However, earlier on in the story Deborah predicts that a woman will kill Sisera (Judges 4:9) so the fact that Jael kills him is a fulfillment of this prophecy. Since Jael was Hebrew it is very probable that she did not share her husband’s friendship with Jabin and Sisera. Maybe she saw the horrible things these men were doing to her people so when she saw an opportunity to kill Sisera she took it. Whatever her reason, this act must have taken a lot of guts and faith.

“Most blessed of women is Jael,

The wife of Heber the Kenite;

Most blessed is she of women in the tent.

He asked for water and she gave him milk;

In a magnificent bowl she brought him curds.

She reached out her hand for the tent peg,

And her right hand for the workmen’s hammer.

Then she struck Sisera, she smashed his head;

And she shattered and pierced his temple.” Judges 5:24-26

God used these faithful women to win the battle and deliver Israel when faithful men were scarce. This shows us that God will use us despite our shortcomings (not that being a women is a shortcoming! Back in this time period women were usually considered weak and most of the time did not hold positions of authority).

At the end of the battle Deborah and Barak sing a beautiful song glorifying God and repeating the events of the battle in poetic form.

“Hear, O kings; give ear, O rulers!

I—to the Lord, I will sing

I will sing praise to the Lord, the God of Israel.”   Judges 5:3

Women of Faith Wednesday: Ruth

The story of Ruth is one of my favorites. Ruth’s faithfulness to her mother-in-law and to God is really inspiring. There are many things we can learn from this short book.

Ruth’s story begins during a very dark time for Israel, the time of the judges. At some point during this time there was a famine in Israel. A man named Elimelech took his wife Naomi and his two sons to live in the gentile land of Moab. They stayed there many years. Elimelech dies and his sons marry Moabite women, Ruth and Orpah. Then his sons also die. Naomi, Ruth, and Orpah are left alone in the world in a time when having a husband and sons was crucial to survival.

Naomi makes the decision to leave the evil land of Moab and return home to Judah. Her daughters-in-law start the journey with her, but she urges them to return to their homeland and families. Orpah is easily persuaded to turn back, but Ruth is determined to stay with Naomi. So they continue on to the town of Bethlehem together. The statement Ruth makes to Naomi is beautiful and often quoted:

“But Ruth said, ‘Do not urge me to leave you or turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God. Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus may the Lord do to me, and worse if anything but death parts you and me.” Ruth 1:16-17

Now, the only way Ruth could provide for herself and Naomi was by going into the wheat fields around Bethlehem and work behind the harvesters picking up what they leave behind. Luckily, Ruth finds herself in the fields of a man named Boaz. Boaz was a great man in Bethlehem. He was kind to his workers and people in general; he was a man of God. Boaz also happened to be a close relative of Elimelech’s family.

At that time it was the law that if a man died and left a widow and property behind the closest relative (kinsman-redeemer) was to marry the widow so she could bear and heir for her deceased husband; as well as redeem (buy back) any property that may have changed hands. Usually this duty would fall to a brother, but since Ruth’s husband had no surviving brothers it would become the duty of the next closest relative. Naomi remembered this law, and when she realized that Ruth had been working in the fields of Boaz she came up with a plan to have Boaz fulfill his duty as the kinsman-redeemer to redeem the property of Elimelech and his sons.

Naomi tells Ruth to visit the threshing floor, where they were processing the barley, at night to speak to Boaz. She instructs Ruth to wait until Boaz is asleep, then uncover his feet and wait for him to wake up and notice her. She does all that she is told. With one sentence she lets Boaz know the purpose of her nighttime visit.

“He said, ‘Who are you?’ And she answered, ‘I am Ruth your maid. So spread your covering over your maid, for you are a close relative.” Ruth 3:9

By saying this Ruth made known what she wants Boaz to do for herself and Naomi. He realized that he could be their kinsman redeemer. He was willing to redeem their property and marry Ruth. There was a problem though; Naomi and Ruth had a relative closer than Boaz. But Boaz promised to go to this relative as soon as he could in the morning to ask if he would like to do his duty as their kinsman-redeemer, or if he would let it fall to Boaz. Boaz then gave Ruth a gift of grain for Naomi, and told her to leave when it is still dark out that no one will see her, because we all know how people talk!

The next morning Boaz confronted the other relative about redeeming the property of Elimelech, the man was willing until he learns that if he wants the property he would also have to marry Ruth. He decides to allow Boaz to fulfill the duty of the kinsman-redeemer.

Boaz married Ruth and she bore him a son named Obed. Obed was considered a great blessing to his family, especially Naomi who nursed him and treated him like she would her own son. Interestingly enough, Obed becomes the grandfather of King David. Therefore Ruth has the honor of being in the lineage of Jesus Christ.

There are many elements that make this an awesome story.  But the imagery of the kinsman-redeemer in Boaz is the most powerful. He decides to do the right thing and redeem (or buy back) the inheritance Elimelech had given up when he went to live in Moab. There was nothing Ruth could do to redeem the property herself, she needed to have faith that Boaz would act as their kinsman-redeemer. This is a beautiful picture of what Christ has done on the cross for us. The human race had given up their inheritance and had been living in sin apart from God, until Christ died to redeem us, buy us back, from the evil we were stuck in and bring us back to Himself through His power and none of our own.